Mechanics & Industry
Volume 15, Number 2, 2014
|Page(s)||107 - 112|
|Published online||22 May 2014|
Waves and instabilities in rotating free surface flows
1 Institut de Mécanique des Fluides de
Toulouse, UMR CNRS/INPT/UPS 5502, Allée Camille Soula, 31400
2 CNRS, IMFT, 31400 Toulouse, France
a Corresponding author:
Accepted: 20 January 2014
The stability properties of the rotating free surface flow in a cylindrical container is studied using a global stability approach, considering successively three models. For the case of solid body rotation (Newton’s bucket), all eigenmodes are found to be stable, and are classified into three families: gravity waves, singular inertial modes, and Rossby waves. For the case of a potential flow, an instability is found. The mechanism is explained as a resonance between gravity waves and centrifugal waves, and is thought to be at the origin of the “rotating polygon instability” observed in experiments where the flow is driven by rotation of the bottom plate (see L. Tophøj, J. Mougel, T. Bohr, D. Fabre, The Rotating Polygon Instability of a Swirling Free Surface Flow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 (2013) 194502). Finally, in the case of the Rankine vortex which in fact consists in the combination of the two first cases, we report a new instability mechanism involving Rossby and gravity waves.
Key words: rotating flows / waves / instabilities
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2014
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