Mechanics & Industry
Volume 15, Number 4, 2014
|Page(s)||267 - 277|
|Published online||06 June 2014|
Multi-objective optimization of rotary-wing aircrafts at the predesign stage
1 Universitéde Toulouse, Institut Clément Ader, Institut
Supérieur de l’Aéronautique et de l’espace, France
2 Eurocopter, 13725 Marignane, France
3 Université de Toulouse, Institut Supérieur de l’Aéronautique et de l’espace, France
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 16 January 2014
Accepted: 2 April 2014
Subsystems of rotary-wing aircrafts, such as helicopters for instance, are strongly interrelated due to their intrinsic specificities. Convergence to a feasible design is then not ensured and implies an iterative process. Moreover, rotorcrafts must cover a much wider range of missions than their fixed-wing counterparts. For those reasons a correctly sized rotorcraft is difficult to obtain and finding the best design for a defined set of missions needs numerous iterations. This article presents the application of a multi-objective optimization approach from the predesign stage. The standard predesign approach has been reformulated to highlight sizing constraints and three strategies are then proposed to solve those constraints: the first one is the basic transcription of the standard predesign approach; the second one leaves the problem solving to the genetic optimizer through penalization; the third one is a hybrid of both previous methods based on a constraint repairing approach. Those strategies also involved the adaptation of the helicopter modelling. Here, the focus is on two components of that new model: namely the main rotor polar and the weight assessment model.
Key words: Helicopter / optimization / predesign / sizing / penalization
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2014
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