Mechanics & Industry
Volume 18, Number 6, 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||08 December 2017|
Boostream: a dynamic fluid flow process to assemble nanoparticles at liquid interface
Grenoble Alpes University, CEA-LITEN,
17 rue des Martyrs,
Grenoble Cedex 09, France
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 31 May 2017
CEA-LITEN develops an original process called Boostream® to manipulate, assemble and connect micro- or nanoparticles of various materials, sizes, shapes and functions to obtain monolayer colloidal crystals (MCCs). This process uses the upper surface of a liquid film flowing down a ramp to assemble particles in a manner that is close to the horizontal situation of a Langmuir–Blodgett film construction. In presence of particles at the liquid interface, the film down-flow configuration exhibits an unusual hydraulic jump which results from the fluid flow accommodation to the particle monolayer. In order to master our process, the fluid flow has been modeled and experimentally characterized by optical means, such as with the moiré technique that consists in observing the reflection of a succession of periodic black-and-red fringes on the liquid surface mirror. The fringe images are deformed when reflected by the curved liquid surface associated with the hydraulic jump, the fringe deformation being proportional to the local slope of the surface. This original experimental setup allowed us to get the surface profile in the jump region and to measure it along with the main process parameters (liquid flow rate, slope angle, temperature sensitive fluid properties such as dynamic viscosity or surface tension, particle sizes). This work presents the experimental setup and its simple model, the different experimental characterization techniques used and will focus on the way the hydraulic jump relies on the process parameters.
Key words: Nanoparticles / Langmuir–Blodgett / liquid interface / hydraulic jump / moiré
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2017
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