Open Access

Table 3

Uncertainties in operating and modeling phases of flash evaporators.

Type Variables and parameters  Name  Unit Variation
Control factors (Δx) Inlet product temperature Tpi (°C) ±1 °C
Inlet coolant temperature Tcl (°C) ±1 °C
Noise factors (ε) Input product mass flow rate qpi (t/h) ±1 t/h
Heat transfer coefficients kLP (W·m−2·K−1) ±1%
  kVLP (W·m−2·K−1) ±1%

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