Mechanics & Industry
Volume 14, Number 1, 2013
|Page(s)||71 - 77|
|Published online||07 March 2013|
Use of date palm fibers as reinforcement for thermoplastic-based composites
Laboratory of numerical and experimental modelling of the
mechanical phenomena, BP
882-RP, University of Mostaganem,
2 University of Relizane, Beremadia, 48000 Relizane, Algeria
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 13 July 2012
Accepted: 18 December 2012
The use of natural fibers in the development of composite materials is a sector in full expansion. These fibers were used for their low cost, their availability and their renewable character. The fibers of the palm (palm tree) were used as reinforcement in polypropylene (PP). The date palm fibers have some potential because of their ecological and economic interest. Both unmodified and compatibilized fibers are used. Compatibilization was carried out with the use of maleic anhydride copolymers. The morphology and mechanical properties were characterized by electron microscopy scanning (SEM) and tensile tests. The influence of fiber content on mechanical properties of composite PP/date palm has been evaluated and demonstrated, that the maximum stress and elongation decreases with increasing fiber volume rate. On the other hand, an increase of the tensile modulus has been noticed, but after the fibers improvement, the maximum stress increases significantly up to 25% weight.
Key words: Plant fiber / palm / SEM / compatibilizer
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2013
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