Mechanics & Industry
Volume 15, Number 6, 2014
|Page(s)||557 - 568|
|Published online||21 November 2014|
Effects of thermal boundary conditions, surface radiation and aspect ratio on thermal performance in “T” shallow cavity
Laboratoire de Mécanique, Matériaux et Energétique (L2ME), Faculté
de Technologie, Université A. Mira de Bejaia, 06000
2 Laboratoire de Physique Théorique (LPT), Faculté des sciences, Université A. Mira de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algérie
3 Laboratoire Energétique, Mécanique et Ingénieurie (LEMI), Université B. Bouguerra de Boumerdes, 35000 Boumerdes, Algérie
a Corresponding author:
Accepted: 20 May 2014
The main objective of this article is to study the effect of 2D coupled mode free convection with surface radiation on the fluid flow behavior in an air filled partitioned and shallow cavity subjected to isothermal or insulated boundary conditions. The dimensionless governing equations under Boussinesq approximation are coupled with a radiative model through the boundaries conditions and solved by the finite volume method. The numerical results are discussed in terms of streamlines, isotherms, convective and radiative Nusselt numbers along the cover plate for various aspect ratios (a, b and c), emissivities and Rayleigh number. These results highlighted the condition of the enclosure performance and revealed among other that isothermal boundaries induce better convective heat exchange compared to adiabatic cases. Also, it is noticed that varying aspect ratio (a) causes strong influence on both Nusselt numbers compared to the aspect ratios (b) and (c). The increase of (ϵo) raises Nuconv and decreases Nurad slightly. Whereas, an increase of (ϵC) leads to minor changes in Nurad when (b) or (c) vary, this effect becomes appreciable with increasing (a).
Key words: Free convection / surface radiation / isothermal boundary / insulated boundary / Nusselt number
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2014
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