Mechanics & Industry
Volume 19, Number 3, 2018
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Published online||04 October 2018|
Stagnation temperature effect on the supersonic flow around pointed airfoils with application for air
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Blida 1,
2 Institute of Aeronautics and Space Studies, University of Blida 1, BP 270, Blida 09000 Algeria
3 Aircraft Laboratory, Institute of Aeronautics and Space Studies, University of Blida 1, BP 270, Blida 09000 Algeria
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 2 January 2018
The aim of this work is to develop a new numerical calculation program to determine the effect of the stagnation temperature on the calculation of the supersonic flow around a pointed airfoils using the equations for oblique shock wave and the Prandtl Meyer expansion, under the model at high temperature, calorically imperfect and thermally perfect gas, lower than the dissociation threshold of the molecules. The specific heat at constant pressure does not remain constant and varies with the temperature. The new model allows making corrections to the perfect gas model designed for low stagnation temperature, low Mach number, low incidence angle and low airfoil thickness. The stagnation temperature is an important parameter in our model. The airfoil should be pointed at the leading edge to allow an attached shock solution to be seen. The airfoil is discretized into several panels on the extrados and the intrados, placed one adjacent to the other. The distribution of the flow on the panel in question gives a compression or an expansion according to the deviation of the flow with respect to the old adjacent panel. The program determines all the aerodynamic characteristics of the flow and in particular the aerodynamic coefficients. The calculation accuracy depends on the number of panels considered on the airfoil. The application is made for high values of stagnation temperature, Mach number and airfoil thickness. A comparison between our high temperature model and the perfect gas model is presented, in order to determine an application limit of the latter. The application is for air.
Key words: Supersonic flow / pointed airfoil / oblique shock / high temperature / aerodynamic coefficients / Prandtl Meyer function / calorically imperfect gas / thermally perfect gas / specific heat at constant pressure / error of computation
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2018
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