Mechanics & Industry
Volume 20, Number 4, 2019
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||11 July 2019|
Bending improvement in Spot Heating of pipes in comparison with Line Heating method
Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Faculty of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 3 April 2019
In Spot Heating, a small area of a metal part surface is heated quickly with a gas torch, laser beam, or induction coil to a temperature below the phase change temperature and then cools down. The heated area undergoes compressive plastic strain and the part gets deformed. This method is usually applied as trial and error for straightening shafts, bridge components, ship structures, etc. The conventional straightening mechanism in industries involves creating thermal gradient mechanism (TGM) and shortening. Many studies have been conducted for bending of thin pipes (at a maximum thickness of 2 mm) with the induction of “shortening” by laser. Spot Heating, despite its simplicity, results in very small deformations. The present study aims to increase the deformation in the Spot Heating method so as to extend its use in pipe straightening. To meet this goal, the shortening mechanism is developed through a thick pipe wall by optimizing the heating parameters. CFD analysis of flame flow is carried out to determine the heat flux distribution over the pipe surface. Also, the finite element method and optimization are used to analyze and raise the pipe deformation mechanism. The results indicate a considerable increase in the pipe bending which reduces the stages necessary for the pipe straightening in industries. Furthermore, the appropriate distance for combining the hot spots is also obtained. To evaluate the results, the Spot Heating test is performed, showing appropriate agreement with the simulation results.
Key words: Spot Heating / pipe straightening / flame bending / finite element method
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2019
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