Mechanics & Industry
Volume 21, Number 2, 2020
|Number of page(s)||21|
|Published online||03 March 2020|
Dynamic characteristics for coal shearer cutting unit gearbox housing
School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, PR China
2 Equipment Reliability Institute, Shenyang University of Chemical Technology, Shenyang 110142, PR China
Accepted: 18 January 2020
Long wall mining is most widely used in coal mining of China, and coal shearer is the most important machine due to its direct role in cutting coal. Nevertheless, coal mining enterprises are suffering from faults of coal shearer, especially cutting unit gearbox housing (CUGH). Published dynamic studies on CUGH have not considered the excitation caused by gear meshing and complete machine vibration. Due to the apparent lack of experimental validation of these published papers, the dynamic response of CUGH is not convincing. In this study, dynamic behavior of CUGH is investigated both theoretically and experimentally for finding out failure mechanism and improving reliability. Complete machine vibration and gear meshing vibration are two excitation sources for CUGH, and vibration is transferred via articulated holes and bearing holes. Hence, complete machine dynamics model is established for obtaining force on articulated holes. Dynamics model of gear transmission system is established for obtaining force on bearing holes. Stochastic cutting forces model is established as external load of complete machine dynamics model. Dynamics response is calculated by finite element model established by ANSYS. A measurement system to capture three-dimensional vibratory motions under realistic working conditions of coal mines is implemented by National Energy Mining Equipment Laboratory of China. Direct comparisons between predicted and measured results are presented to demonstrate the accuracy of the proposed model in predicting three-dimensional vibrations of CUGH. Maximum deformation and stress positions of CUGH are determined, and the excitation sources are investigated.
Key words: Coal shearer / Experimental study / Cutting unit gearbox housing / Dynamic characteristics / Long wall mining
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2020
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