Mechanics & Industry
Volume 22, 2021
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||08 March 2021|
Effect of abrasive particle morphology along with other influencing parameters in magnetic abrasive finishing process
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan 8731753153, Iran
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Azad University of Najafabad, Isfahan, Iran
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 15 February 2021
Surface characteristics play a very important role in medical implants and among surface features, surface roughness is very effective in some medical applications. Among the various methods used to improve surface roughness, magnetic abrasive finishing (MAF) process has been widely used in medical engineering. In this study, the effect of abrasive particle morphology along with four other process parameters, including type of work metal, finishing time, speed of finishing operation, and the type of abrasive powder were experimentally evaluated. Full factorial technique was used for design of experiment. Three commonly used metals in orthopedic implants i.e., Ti-6Al-4V alloy, AZ31 alloy and austenitic stainless-steel 316LVM, were selected for this study. Also, two types of magnetic abrasive particles with different shapes (spherical and rod-shaped) were considered in the experiments. The results of the experiments indicated that the morphology of the abrasive particles and the finishing time had the greatest effect on surface roughness and using rod-shaped abrasive particles resulted in better surface quality comparing to the spherical particles. Besides, the surface quality of steel 316LVM after MAF was the best among the other examined metals. Interaction plots of ANOVA also showed that interactions of material with morphology of abrasive particles, and material with machining time were found to be reasonably significant.
Key words: Magnetic abrasive finishing / surface roughness / abrasive particle morphology / ANOVA
© F. Ahmadi et al., Hosted by EDP Sciences 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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