Mechanics & Industry
Volume 24, 2023
|Number of page(s)||25|
|Published online||01 May 2023|
A study of AlSi5Cu3Mg alloy produced by laser powder bed fusion: porosity assessment, microstructure, mechanical properties
CETIM (CRAl: Reference Centre for Aluminium − Materials and Processes Division), 3–7 rue Charles de Bange, 18000 Bourges, France
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 2 March 2023
After having determined the LPBF additive manufacturing parameters for the AlSi5Cu3Mg alloy by means of a design of experiment method, three tempers are studied on the manufactured test pieces: as built, direct aging and T6. The study reviews the impact of these three tempers on porosity assessment, microstructure and mechanical properties. It appears that the microstructures in the as built and direct aging tempers are often comparable to those of the AlSi7Mg0.6 and AlSi10Mg alloys which are used as references. However, a significant difference appears with the T6 temper, which does not show any change in porosity for the AlSi5Cu3Mg alloy, unlike the two other alloys. Moreover, due to a high density of type θʺ and/or θ′ fine precipitates, the T6 temper features a high yield strength but also an almost isotropic behaviour with good elongation. The analysis of the mechanical behaviour of the AlSi5Cu3Mg alloy in the three tempers is completed with an analysis of the strain hardening rate which is put into perspective with an EBSD analysis of the dislocation density, thus highlighting a close relationship between the microstructures (especially fine dendritic structures) and a high dislocation density. Lastly, a technical and ergonomic study is presented which compares the AlSi5Cu3Mg and AlSi7Mg0.6 alloys. Finally, we explain the interest of the T6 temper for the AlSi5Cu3Mg alloy after LPBF additive manufacturing.
Key words: Laser powder bed fusion / selective laser melting / AlSi5Cu3Mg aluminium alloy / heat treatment / T6 / microstructure / mechanical properties
© A. Mauduit et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.