Mechanics & Industry
Volume 14, Number 2, 2013
|Page(s)||129 - 136|
|Published online||12 June 2013|
Vibratory monitoring of a spalling bearing defect in variable speed regime
Groupe de Recherche en Science Pour l’Ingénieur, Université de
Reims Champagne Ardenne,UFR Sciences Exactes et Naturelles ; Moulin de la
Housse, BP 1039,
2 Société Altéad Industrie Est, 11 rue du colonel Charbonneaux, 51100 Reims, France
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Received: 14 December 2012
Accepted: 24 April 2013
Rotating machines monitoring in a non-stationary regime, characterized by the operating parameters (speed, load) variation, presents a particular challenge. The speed variation has an impact on the vibratory response given by the accelerometers and therefore masks any defect that may be detected by classical indicators (for example RMS value). To overcome this problem, a new indicator is proposed. For this, a signal accelerometer and a signal from an optical encoder are acquired simultaneously. An algorithm to estimate the instantaneous speed from the signal delivered by the optical encoder is applied. Then, each sample of the accelerometer signal is divided by its corresponding instantaneous speed sample. The RMS value is then applied to the resulting signal. A model simulation signal is used to test the proposed method. A test rig is performed to extract signals of different degradation states of thrust bearings in variable speed regime. The results show a correlation between the proposed RMS value and the thrust bearings state in variable regime.
Key words: Rolling fatigue contact / spalling / thrust roller bearing / monitoring / vibratory analysis / instantaneous speed
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2013
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