Mechanics & Industry
Volume 15, Number 5, 2014
|Page(s)||413 - 426|
|Published online||28 August 2014|
Wear of WC-Co inserts in dry high speed machining of micron-sized particle aeronautical grade near β titanium alloy
1 Laboratoire de Mécanique et Procédés
de Fabrication (LMPF), ENSAM CER Châlons-en-Champagne, Rue Saint Dominique, BP 508, 51006
2 Ecpi University, 1001 Keys Drive, Greenville, SC 29651, USA
3 École Nationale Supérieure d’Arts et Métiers, 2 cours des Arts et Métiers, 13617 Aix en Provence Cedex 1, France
a Corresponding author:
Accepted: 4 September 2012
Current demands of higher damage-tolerance in the Aerospace industry resulted in resurging interest in β, or near β, titanium alloys. The combination of attractive properties of this class of alloys also led to the consideration of beta alloys for castings. Such alloys, however, are more difficult to cut than α-β titanium alloys due to their limited ability to work harden and the effect of β-stabilizers on ductility. These factors affect failure modes and active wear mechanisms of cutting inserts. This paper investigates some of the wear modes exhibited by WC-Co inserts when end milling the α near-β alloy Ti-x. In addition to being of near-β composition, this alloy is characterized by a fine sized microstructure (range of 1−5 μm). The study focuses on SEM and EDS observations of the wear patterns exhibited by two groups of inserts. The first is uncoated WC-Co, whereas the second is coated with multi layers of TiAlN. The results of this post-mortem study are compared to wear patterns, observed under identical conditions, while milling the α-β alloy Ti6Al4V. Results show that inserts used in machining the Ti-x alloy exhibit wear modes that contrast those exhibited when machining Ti64. The paper discusses factors leading to such occurrences and studies the influence of the alloy microstructure on tool effectiveness and failure modes.
Key words: Near Titanium alloys / WC / Co tools / titanium machining / wear of carbide inserts
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2014
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