Mechanics & Industry
Volume 21, Number 5, 2020
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||09 July 2020|
Optimization of transversal flow stress and strain and weld seam microstructure analysis in butt-HDPE friction stir welded plates
Laboratoire, Mécanique, Productique et Energétique, LR18ES01 (Ex. UR-MSSDT) Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Ingénieurs de Tunis, Tunis University, 5, Av. Taha Hussein, 1008 Montfleury, Tunis, Tunisia
2 Department of Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Muegyetem rkp 3, 1111 Budapest, Hungary
3 Laboratoire, Mécanique Appliquée et Ingénierie, LR-11-ES19, Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tunis. El Manar University, ENIT - BP 37, 1002 Tunis Le Belvédère, Tunis, Tunisia
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 9 June 2020
The paper aims to optimize the characteristic performances of friction stir welding of high-density polyethylene in order to predict failure modes in weld nugget and interfacial zones. Three replicates of a face central composite design are employed to estimate the effects of parameters process, on the transversal flow stress and strain of the seam and to understand root causes, which may lead to structural defects such as the onset of cracks and the seam-base metal rupture. The study findings disclose that maximum responses are obtained when the tool rotation speed is set middle and both the feed rate and the plunged surface are set high. The transversal flow stress of the welded seam is found highly sensitive to the plunged surfaces and at a lesser degree to the rotation speed, whereas, the transversal flow strain of the welded seam is mostly sensitive to the rotation speed and at a lesser degree to the plunged surfaces. For the microscopic analysis, it is shown that at low rotation speed, there exist four structural layers in the transition zone between the seam and the base material giving rise to the formation of a continuous line of cracks that can initiate structure failure.
Key words: Mechanical properties / friction stir welding / high-density polyethylene / transition zone / defect morphology
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2020
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