Mechanics & Industry
Volume 22, 2021
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Published online||01 June 2021|
Mechanical characteristic and analytical model of novel air spring for ergonomic mattress
College of Furnishings and Industrial Design, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, PR China
2 Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center of Efficient Processing and Utilization of Forest Resources, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, PR China
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Accepted: 7 May 2021
Conventional mattresses can not adjust precisely according to the individualized spinal alignment. In addition, there is no theoretical basis for quantitative design and adjustment of mattresses firmness. The purpose of this paper is to overcome deficiency of traditional air chambers for research of ergonomic mattresses in accordance with spinal alignment. A novel variable stiffness air spring was designed and static experiments were conducted to analyze its mechanical properties and its influence factors. An analytical model based on geometric parameters and initial internal pressure was established. The results showed that the air spring has nonlinear stiffness during the working process. Furthermore, the model can predict the load of the air spring accurately at any equilibrium position with an average error of 6.96%. The initial stiffness, volume and assembly height could be predicted by means of geometric parameters and initial internal pressure. The conclusions are that the novel air spring can obtain predictable stiffness compared with cubic and the rod-shaped air chambers, which provides a theoretical basis and possible solution for the study of stiffness adaptive ergonomic mattress according to spinal alignment.
Key words: Air spring / variable stiffness / parametric design / analytical model / ergonomic mattress
© Y. Chao et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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