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Design and characteristics of texture-rendering plate. (a) Layout of the plate. (b) Impedance diagram of typical piezoelectric ceramic. fr1, fr2, fr3, fr4, and fr5 are equal to 22.95, 25.31, 28.32, 32.06, and 34.71 KHz, respectively. The ceramic resonates at these frequencies as marked in red circles. (c) Modal analysis of glass plate and piezoelectric ceramics together to show standing wave.
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