Open Access

Table 3

Compare with air spring in automotive suspension.

Items Air spring for mattress Air spring for automotive suspension
Material TPU thin film and fabric composite material Vulcanized rubber (including cord layer)
Structure Spherical cap structure without cover plate Curved capsule structure with metal cover plate and ring band, Membrane structure with cover plate and piston.
Deformation Spherical cap gradually becomes flat when compressed, the compression surface gradually increases, and the height gradually decreases. Area of the cover was constant, height of chamber decreased, and chamber expanded outward. Height of the chamber increased with stretching and the chamber contracted inward.
Type of load bearing force Only compression, no stretching, radial shear force can be ignored Both pressure and stretching, radial shear force.
Vibration Regardless of vibration Vibration is the main working condition

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