Mechanics & Industry
Volume 18, Number 7, 2017
STANKIN: Innovative manufacturing methods, measurements and materials
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||30 December 2017|
Compression of pulsed electron beams for material tests
Moscow State University of Technology “STANKIN”,
1 Vadkovsky per.,
127055, Russian Federation
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 20 November 2017
In order to strengthen the surface of machine parts and investigate behavior of their materials exposed to highly dense energy fluxes an electron gun has been developed, which produces the pulsed beams of electrons with the energy up to 300 keV and the current up to 250 A at the pulse width of 100–200 µs. Electrons are extracted into the accelerating gap from the hollow cathode glow discharge plasma through a flat or a spherical grid. The flat grid produces 16-cm-diameter beams with the density of transported per one pulse energy not exceeding 15 J·cm−2, which is not enough even for the surface hardening. The spherical grid enables compression of the beams and regulation of the energy density from 15 J·cm−2 up to 15 kJ·cm−2, thus allowing hardening, pulsed melting of the machine part surface with the further high-speed recrystallization as well as an explosive ablation of the surface layer.
Key words: Surface hardening / electron beam compression / surface melting / explosive ablation / material tests
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2017
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