Mechanics & Industry
Volume 18, Number 7, 2017
STANKIN: Innovative manufacturing methods, measurements and materials
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||30 December 2017|
A new method for production of titanium vapor and synthesis of titanium nitride coatings
Moscow State University of Technology “STANKIN”,
1 Vadkovsky per.,
127055, Russian Federation
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 20 November 2017
It is proposed to synthesize on machine parts and cutting tools wear-resistant titanium nitride coatings with the help of the hollow-cathode glow discharge, a molybdenum crucible for titanium evaporation being used as the anode of the discharge and a process vacuum chamber being used as the hollow cathode. The research revealed that at the anode surface area less than a critical value S* = (2m/M)1/2S, where S is the area of the chamber walls, m is the mass of electrons and M is the mass of ions, the anode fall of potential is positive and grows from ∼50 V at argon pressure p = 0.2 Pa to ∼2 kV at p = 0.02 Pa. At the discharge current I = 0.6 A electrons accelerated by the anode fall of 0.9 kV transport into the crucible with the inner diameter of 12 mm the power of ∼0.54 kW, which allows the titanium evaporation and the coating deposition rate of 5 µm·h−1 on a substrate distanced from the crucible at 100 mm. After the argon is replaced with the nitrogen, titanium nitride coating without titanium droplets is synthesized the deposition rate amounting to about the same value.
Key words: Wear-resistant coatings / titanium evaporation / anode-crucible / electron heating / hollow cathode glow discharge
© AFM, EDP Sciences 2017
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